The most frequent malignancy among women globally is breast cancer. In advanced countries after lung cancer, it is the second greatest cause of cancer mortality. It is the most common cause of cancer-related death even in less advanced areas. Breast cancer is more common as people get older, but it affects people of all ages. Before adolescence, nevertheless, it is exceptionally rare.
Discovering a lump in one’s breast is the most common sign. Although it is normally mild, it can be painful at times. Watery or bloody nipple leakage is a further physical sign. A bump in the armpit is also a possibility.
It is critical to get medical advice to ascertain whether the lump is malignant or not. Although the majority of breast lumps are harmless, it is critical not to overlook those that are malignant. A triple evaluation, consisting of a clinical evaluation of the lump, imagery with ultrasound and mammography, and a needle biopsy of the lump, is performed. There may be a discrepancy between the imaging and biopsy results sometimes. In such circumstances, the mass must be biopsied in terms to determine the diagnosis. Specific blood tests, a chest X-ray, and a bone scan are now performed to assess the stage of cancer.
Treatment for breast cancer is determined by a number of criteria, including the phase of the infection, age, secondary medical conditions, and the patient’s wish to keep the breast.And this will help you to get cure from long term side effects of cancer treatment
- Surgery–In general, there are two types of surgery. One procedure is removing the complete breast. The second step entails removing the tumour with sufficient boundaries. Based on the patient’s preferences, breast restoration might be carried out in parallel or at a future date.
- Sentinel node biopsy–A fluid is injected all around the areola and tracked with a tool to the axilla in this method. With the use of specialized tools, the first node to which the fluid penetrates is recognised.This node is referred to as the sentinel node since it was the first node to which cancer cells travel from the tumour mass. A full axillary surgical intervention can be spared if no cancer cells are found in the sentinel node.
- Chemotherapy–Chemotherapy is administered first to minimise the tumour size when it is significant and the patient wants to keep her breast. Chemotherapy is also initiated in stage three breast cancer, particularly when the female is young or the hormone receptor state is un favourable.
- Adjuvant therapy–Chemotherapy, endocrine therapy, radiation, and targeted therapy are all examples of adjuvant therapy, or treatment provided post-operation.
- Advanced treatment–The goal of treatment for stage IV breast cancer is to relieve symptoms, extend life, and improve people’s lives. Treatment options are determined by the severity of the disease, the presence of hormone receptors, and the presence of symptoms. Patients with stage IV cancer can live a long time if they receive a mix of treatments.